Canine DM, VWD1 and EIC are all genetic diseases that can affect dogs. DM stands for Degenerative Myelopathy which is a slowly progressive, non-inflammatory degeneration of the white matter of the spinal cord. It is most common in German Shepherd Dogs and Welsh Corgis, but is occasionally recognized in other breeds 1. VWD1 stands for Von Willebrand’s disease type 1 which results in reduction in normal levels of VWf to approximately 5-10% of normal. Since some VWf is produced in dogs homozygous for the VWD1 mutation, this form of the disorder is considered to be less serious than type 2 and 3 2. EIC stands for Exercise Induced Collapse which is a genetic disorder that affects many breeds of dogs. It is characterized by muscle weakness or collapse during or after intense exercise3.
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